Delimitation and Demarcation of Boundaries in Africa: General Issues and Case Studies
Peace and Security Department
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The delimitation and demarcation initiative meets three imperative needs: The first is geopolitical, concerning the peace, security and stability that derive from conflict prevention. The Programme does not aim for a new ‘Balkanisation’; rather, it is a way to reinforce State territorial sovereignty that brings with it the freedom to open up and integrate. The second need is geo-economics: a visible, well-managed border encourages trade. The third need is socio-economic, as local cross-border cooperation initiatives between committed neighbouring communities can be supported. Africa’s borders should become a source of peace, security, and integration for the continent. They should constitute a perfect equation, harmoniously balancing all relevant factors – including the legal determinants and human realities on the ground – to promote the shared, common values of the populations concerned.